Latest Articles on JAHM
Practice of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in Ayurveda: Scope, Limitations and Guidelines
Noticeable rise in the gynaecological disorders in India during the last few decades has drawn interest of all medical sciences to search for an effective alternative in the treatment of female reproductive tract disorders with minimal untoward effects. Ayurveda aims at preservation and maintenance of health and hence there is a tremendous scope of Ayurveda practitioners in Gynaecology to face the challenge of making Ayurveda as primary and only care for many benign disorders.
Investigation of Talapotaka Churna using FTIR spectroscopy
Diabetes Mellitus, a metabolic syndrome isn’t new in 21st century but it was widely known problem since 1000 BC and evidence are quite obvious in Ayurveda through its dictation. In 21st century there are many modern medicine are available but people are demanding for natural and herbal formulation in comparison to synthetic medicine due to probable long-term harmful effect. So author has chosen Talapotaka Churna, a compound herbal Ayurvedic formulation mentioned in Prameha roga prakarana in the text Vaidya Chintamani for the study. In this scientific era there is a need to validate and standardize the Ayurvedic formulation. So formulation was studied under FTIR spectroscopy for relevant group of chemical and phytoconstituents. This study also helpful for projecting a standard spectrum of ingredients and Talapotaka Churna to minimize batch to batch variation. These spectrums will be helpful in choosing the accurate raw material by scanning raw material and comparing it with these spectrums.
Impact of samskara on Shankha and Tankana- an analytical study
Context: Though Ayurveda is having its unique analytical approach towards drugs, in present, there is necessity of understanding a drug based on modern technology of analysis too, knowledge of these adopted technologies helps in better understanding and interpretation of the drug.
Aim: The present study is aiming to find out the physical and chemical changes of the mineral drugs Shankha(conch shell) and Tankana(borax) after their Samskara(processings).
Materials and methods: As per the classical reference, Shankha and Tankana are processed, Samples before and after processing were subjected to analytical study and observations were interpreted.
Results: Particle size of the Shankha bhasma (ash of conch shell) reduced in successive putas(incineration). The Bharjana (frying) of Tankana not only reduces the moisture content, also reduces the particle size lesser than that of Shankha bhasma. The XRD study shows changes in the crystallinity of minerals and allotropic modification of the same substance though no much changes in their elemental composition.
Conclusion: The classical processing methods told in Ayurveda will bring about changes in the minerals in its deeper level making it safe, effective, bio-available, which is proven clinically can be better interpreted by different analytical methods.
Key words: Shankha bhasma, Tankana, Aragonite, Borax, Calcite, X-Ray diffraction, particle size, moisture content
ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF SIX AYURVEDA HERBS USED FOR WOUND WRAPPING EXPLAINED BY CHARAKA W.S.R. TO VRANA CHIKITSA - A REVIEW
Ayurveda literature have emphasized at various places to take care of Vrana i.e. wound, which occur due to vitiated Doshas or any trauma. Acharya Sushruta, an eminent surgeon of his era, was much ahead of his time in expounding and practicing the beautiful concept of Vrana Ropana (wound healing). The Shalya Chikitsa brings out very clearly that Vrana (wound) is the most significant surgical entity and the knowledge of its effective management for a surgeon is the basic skill required on which the outcome of surgery revolves. There is a constant need to deal with the infection and problems of healing in different surgical disorders. The term Patradana was coiled by Sushruta for the prevention of wound from various infections i.e. Rakshoghna Karma. It is one of the most important Karma among the Vranasya Shashti Upakramas (60 steps of wound treatment). In this relation, Acharya Charaka in Dvivraniya Chikitsa Adhyaya explain a Sutra (verse) in which the Patra (leaves) of the six ayurvedic herbs named, Kadamba (Anthocephalus indicus Miq.), Arjuna (Terminalia Arjuna W. & A.), Nimba (Azadirachta indica A. Juss.), Patala (Stereospermum suaveolens DC.), Ashvattha (Ficus religiosa Linn.) and Arka (Calotropis procera R.Br.) are mentioned for Vrana Rakshoghna Karma i.e. for wrapping after applying wound healing medicine over a wound. So in this article, in spite of explaining well established wound healing and anti-inflammatory property, we try to evaluate the antimicrobial activity by reviewing previous research works on this six herbs which successfully proves its Rakshoghna Karma in the treatment in wound.
THERAPEUTIC POTENTIAL OF VACHADI GHRITA [MEDICATED GHEE] ON CNS AND OTHER AILMENTS - A REVIEW
Vachadi ghrita [VG] is a medicated ghee (a clarified butter) ayurvedic formulation, recommended to improve cognition. VG has these ingredients as follows-Goghrita (Cow ghee), Vacha (Acorus calamus), Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia), Shankhapushpi (Convolvulus pluricaulis), Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Shati (Hedychium spicatum), Vidang (Embelia ribes), Shunthi (Zingiber officinale) and Apamarg (Achyranthes aspera). The use of Vachadi Ghrita and its ingredients has been well defined in ancient Ayurvedic texts like Charak samhita, Ashtang hridaya, Bharat Bhaishajya Ratnakar and Bhav prakash bighantu etc. The ingredients of VG have been assessed for various activities. Vacha showed Antidepressant potential, Guduchi showed anti oxidant activity. Haritaki and Shankhapushpi have been experimentally assessed for Anti-stress, anti-anxiety, and memory enhancer activities. Vidanga showed Anti depressant activity and Shunthi showed nootropic-neuroprotective activity. Antiepileptic, anti oxidant, anti-depressant actions of Apamarga has been confirmed in experimental studies. Anti oxidant and nootropic activity of Shati has been proved. Ingredients of VG maximally have action on CNS as Nootroipc, Antidepressant, Anticonvulsant, Antiepileptic, Antipsychotic and antioxidant etc. This study is to gather the scientific research findings supporting the use of Vachadi Ghrita and its ingredients.
Need to nourish Ayurvedic Pharmaceutical Science course
In Ayurveda, involvement of pharmaceuticals science is not new but the concern is to whom we are assigning the responsibility of Ayurvedic drug manufacturing and research. In current scenario, this responsibility was carried by BAMS professional (unaware about pharmaceutical science) and graduates from modern science (do not know Ayurveda). Author want to draw attention toward registration, recognition and monitoring of Ayurvedic Pharmaceutical science [B. Pharm (Ayurveda) & M. Pharm (Ayurveda)] by either existing Regulatory bodies/council or establishment of new council. This courses are running since starting of 21st century by reputed University and produce skilled Ayurvedic pharmacy professionals but still there is no council for its regulation and monitoring. Students are regularly coming out having degrees (Graduates, Post graduates and Doctorates) but still they are searching of respect, recognition and opportunity to work in government organizations. In 2016, Indian Medicine and Homoeopathy Pharmacy Central Council Bill, 2016 (IMHPCC Bill, 2016) is in public domain and invite comments but it lightens a hope among Ayurvedic pharmaceutical graduates. Author thought it is best time to discuss how to nourish Ayurvedic pharmaceutical sciences so that it can strengthen the backbone of Ayurveda (Ayurvedic pharmaceutics and related research) and how this IMHPCC Bill will act as water for newly grown plant in draught.
Management of Gridhrasi w.s.r sciatica by Erand-muladi Basti and leech application: A case study
Gridhrasi is counted among 80 Nanatmaja Vata disorders by Acharya Charaka who has mentioned its two types namely Vataja and Vata- kaphaja. Ruka (pain), Toda (pricking sensation), Stambha (stiffness) and Muhurspandana (twitching) in waist, hip, back of the thigh, knee, calf and foot respectively are the main symptoms. Accordingly, the disease most closely resembles sciatica which is characterised as pain or discomfort associated with Sciatic Nerve. The patient presented here with pain in lower back radiating to both legs along with numbness and paraesthesia. The treatment as specified by Acharyas in various texts is focused on Basti Karma, Siravedha (at Janu) and Agnikarma. Following the same treatment line Basti in the form of Erand–muladi Niruha Basti indicated by Acharya Charak in pain of lower back, waist and lower limbs is chosen here. The Vata- Kapha alleviating, analgesic- anti-inflammatory properties of the contents helped in relieving the symptoms. In addition the application of medicinal leech helped in relieving the symptoms like pain, inflammation and stiffness.
Key-Words: Erandmuladi Basti ,Gridhrasi, Jalauka, Sciatica, Vata Vyadhi.
Ayurvedic Management of Severe Anaemia (Mridd-Bhakshan Janya Pandu) with Massive Splenomegaly: A Case Study
A 33- year-old married female patient came to outdoor-patient department (OPD) of Agadtantra NIA, having complained of anorexia, indigestion, nausea, fatigue, vertigo, periorbital & periumblical swelling with USG report of massive splenomegaly and haematological report of anemia, having long standing history of ingesting mud and brick in large quantity.
According to ayurveda it can be considered as Mridd-Bhakshan Janya Pandu. Hence patient was treated as per line of treatment of Mridd-Bhakshan Janya Pandu.
Key words: splenomegaly, Mridd-Bhakshan Janya Pandu, periorbital & periumblical swelling
|Editorial Team is Displayed in the heading "about the journal"|
Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Journal of Ayurveda and Holistic Medicine (JAHM)
Table of Contents
|Practice of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in Ayurveda: Scope, Limitations and Guidelines|
|Jasmine Ritesh Gujarathi||1-2|
|Investigation of Talapotaka Churna using FTIR spectroscopy|
|Guruprasad Chandrakant Nille, Varun Kumar Singh, KRC REDDY||3-11|
|Impact of samskara on Shankha and Tankana- an analytical study|
|Anuroopa H K||12-23|
|ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF SIX AYURVEDA HERBS USED FOR WOUND WRAPPING EXPLAINED BY CHARAKA W.S.R. TO VRANA CHIKITSA - A REVIEW|
|Amit Ashok Gajarmal, Sudipt Kumar Rath||24-35|
|THERAPEUTIC POTENTIAL OF VACHADI GHRITA [MEDICATED GHEE] ON CNS AND OTHER AILMENTS - A REVIEW|
|Need to nourish Ayurvedic Pharmaceutical Science course|
|Varun kumar singh||47-53|
|Management of Gridhrasi w.s.r sciatica by Erand-muladi Basti and leech application: A case study|
|Ayurvedic Management of Severe Anaemia (Mridd-Bhakshan Janya Pandu) with Massive Splenomegaly: A Case Study|
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