Latest Articles on JAHM
SUVARNA PRASHANA THERAPY IN CHILDREN; CONCEPTS, PRACTICE AND PROSPECTS
|Administration of colloidal gold using fine particles of metallic gold or suvarna bhasma has been advised in Ayurveda in infants and children in various forms. Suvarnaprashana described in Kashyapa Samhita is intended to boost memory, intelligence and immunity in infants. It is one of the oldest application of gold nano medicine. Suvarnaprashana therapy is becoming widely popular and being administered on the Pushya nakshatra of every month at Ayurveda centers across India. Clinical and pharmacological studies show immunomodulatory, nootropic as well as therapeutic effects of Suvarnaprashana therapy. Given from birth till 16 years of age, suvarnaprashana can help in the achieving optimum physical growth, cognitive development and healthy maturation of the immune system. By preventing common childhood illnesses like recurrent respiratory tract infections, it can help a child in reaching its maximum potential of growth and development. Due to myriad therapeutic qualities of gold nano particles used in suvarnaprashana has a tremendous scope as a preventive and curative therapy.|
UTILITY OF BHESHAJA SEVANA KALA – OPEN END COMPARATIVE RANDOMIZED CLINICAL TRIAL
Background:Bheshajasevanakala is the principle of time of administration of the medicine. Drug exhibits different actions when administered in different bheshajasevanakala(time of administration of medicine). Actual aim of bheshajasevanakala is to provide the fulfillment towards desired action of drug administration in patient in order to pacify the disease. Considering these factors the present study was intended to evaluate the efficacy of bheshajasevanakalain the disease prameha (diabetes mellitus). Guduchi(Tinosporacordifolia) is said to mitigate all types of prameha(diabetes mellitus).According to Sushrutasamhitha, the disease pramehais vyana and apanavata (types of vata- a bodily humour) involved disease. The cardinal symptoms of pramehasimulate with the symptoms of diabetes mellitus. Hence the disease diabetes mellitus type II was selected to assess the role of pragbhaktha(before food),pratahaadhobhakta(morning after food) bheshajasevanakalawhich are the time of administration of medicine for vyana and apanavatainvolvementrespectively.
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of bheshajasevanakala(time of administration of medicine) in the diseaseprameha (diabetes mellitus, type-II).
Methods: A randomized clinical study was outlined with a pre, mid and post test assessment of 30 patients satisfying the inclusion criteria who were randomly selected. In the present study 15 patients were asked to consume 4gm of guduchichurna(powder of Tinisporacordifolia) in pragbhakta(before food) and pratahadhobhaktakala(morning after food)with lukewarm water and another 15 patients were asked to take 4gm of guduchichurnathree times a day after food with lukewarm water for the duration of 30 days. After intervention, results were analyzed statistically using descriptive statistics, chi square test, paired samples‘t’ test, repeated measure ANOVA, using SPSS for windows software.
In the present study, fairly good results were observed in all the parameters of the study. There was no much difference in the result between the groups with regards to subjective parameters i.e. prabhootamootrata (polyurea),pipasa(polydypsia), kshuda (polyphagia) ,swedapravrutti(excessive sweating), karapadadaha(burning sensation in palms and soles) supti(numbness) and klama(fatigue). In regards to FBS and PPBS patients of group A showed better result than group B, but it was statistically insignificant (P value > 0.05) between the groups. In case of avilamootrata (urine turbidity), also group A showed better result than group B and the result was statistically significant (P value 0.002).
Guduchichurna(powder of Tinisporacordifolia) administered during appropriate time showed statistically significant result in subsiding the cardinal symptomof pramehai.e. avilamootrata (urine turbidity).
A SURVEY ON THE NEED FOR DEVELOPING AN AYURVEDA BASED PERSONALITY (TRIDOSHAPRAKRTI) INVENTORY
Prakrti is a Sanskrit word that means “nature” or natural form of constitution of an individual. It is one of the bases of classifying human population in general and in the diagnosis and prognosis of diseases, selection of drugs, dosage fixation and therapeutic management according to Ayurveda. Prakrti gets ingrained in an organism at the time of conception and gets modified according to one’s habitat, habit ,age, environmental influences, lifestyle and etc. Ayurvedic physicians invariably use Prakrti concept to understand specific Prakrti of a patient in their practice out of their experience. Till date Prakrti assessment has remained subjective. Although there are Prakrti assessment tools in the form of Questionnaires, Checklists and Inventories they are either arbitrary or falling short of key standardization parameters. In this study it was planned to establish whether there is a necessity to develop a standardized tool in the evaluation of Prakrti. A standardized self-rating questionnaire was developed and administered to 34 qualified Ayurvedic physicians (M: F=12:22) with mean age 30.29 ± 6.15 yrs (mean ± SD) and clinical experience [5.53 ± 4.57 (mean years ±SD)], belonging to different areas of Bangalore to assure proper representation of the cohort.
The study revealed that Ayurvedic physicians invariably use Prakrti in their clinical practice. They also agreed that their assessment of Prakrti differed from another physician and accepted that they were not convinced about the reliability of available tools and unanimously agreed on the need to develop a research based standardized tool for Prakrti assessment.
A Clinical study on efficacy of Siyakkai (Acacia concinna) Hair Wash on Darunaka (Pitiriasis capitis)
Background: Skin constantly renews itself. Dead cells fall off as new cells form beneath them. In Pityriasis capitis, this process is abnormally accelerated. Its signs and symptoms are: cells shedding in clearly visible flakes, small white or grey scales accumulating on the scalp, itching and dry or greasy hair. Darunaka is disease described in Ayurveda under Ksudra Roga. Signs and symptoms of Darunaka are: Daruna (cracked scalp), Kandura (itching of the scalp) and Ruksha (dryness of the scalp). Darunaka can be correlated with Pityriasis capitis. Aim: Sri Lankan use Siyakkai (Acacia concinna) hair wash (SHW) as an effective home remedy for Pityriasis capitis. No known scientific study has been undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of SHW. Hence, the present study was undertaken Methods: SHW is prepared by adding 10g of powdered pods of Acacia concinna to 240ml of boiled water. Seventy patients having Darunaka were selected and randomly divided into two groups, named as Groups A and B. Group A, consisting of thirty five patients, was treated with 240ml of SHW every alternative day, for twenty eight days. Group B, consisting of thirty five patients, was treated with placebo, in the same regimen. Response to treatment was recorded and therapeutic effects were evaluated through symptomatic relief. Results: Patients treated with SHW showed a significant symptomatic relief in scaling, itching, dryness and greasiness of scalp after treatment. Interval between scaling also became longer. Some patients treated with SHW complained of rhinorrhea. Conclusion: It is concluded that Darunaka (Pitiriasis capitis) can be relieved with Siyakkai Hair Wash.
LAST DESCENDENT OF BHARADVAJIYA-PARAMPARA - A TRIBUTE TO LATE VMC NAMBOODIRI
|Vaidyamadham Cheriya Narayanan Namboodiri, a contemporary legend in Ayurveda who passed away on 18th October 2013, is considered as the last link in this rare chain of legacy. Today, Vaidyamadham swaroopam is the only family in Kerala belonging to the Bhaaradwajiya tradition (as per the Vedic branch they follow, they are Rigvedi – Aaswalaayana and Kashyapa-gotra).“Late VMC Narayanan Namboodiri, the name of this contemporary legend in Ayurveda will be remembered with utmost respect and admiration” – Padmabhooshan Dr.P.K.Varier, 19th October, Mathrubhumi Daily. This article is a life profile on Brahmasree Ashtavaidyan Vaidyamadham Cheriya Narayanan Namboodiri, a great visionary on Ayurveda.|
A LITERARY REVIEW ON CONCEPTS OF DEEPANA AND PACHANA
Background: Treatment in Ayurveda is multifaceted, at sometimes it addresses the importance of Shodhana and in other context the Upakramas like Shamana play a major role. For either of such selection the state of Doshas, it’s Anubandha, Sthana. play crucial role. Deepana and Pachana have equal importance in both the sectors of treatment. The vague understanding of the terms and its application may yield many complications. Through this paper the differences between Deepana and Pachana on literary and applicative grounds are considered, to clear up the dogma that exists as they are one and the same. Aims and Objectives: To critically analyse the concepts of Deepana and Pachana. Materials and Methods: In Ayurvedic classics the concepts of Deepana and Pachana are available in scattered manner; hence the study aiming at analyzing both the technical terms and its differences at clinical application becomes pivotal interest. Conclusion – Deepana Karma is limited only to Agni-Deepthi. Pachana does both Ama Pachana and Agni Deepana and are mainly Ruksha Dravyas.
Key words: Deepana, Pachana, Agni, Ama
THE ROLE OF BIOLOGICAL FIRE (AGNI), INNATE PSYCHIC STRENGTH (SATWA) AND VITAL ESSENCE (OJUS) IN MANIFESTATION OF DEPRESSIVE DISORDER
Depression is a common psychiatric condition. It has many implications in personal, interpersonal, social, behavioral and cultural domains of the affected. In Ayurveda the disease is understood as Kaphaja Unamada. It can be better analyzed by considering the role of agni, rasa, satwa and ojus in its manifestation and symptomatolgy. Agni, the biological fire is responsible many activities in psychological parlance. Satwa, the innate psychic strength is a decisive factor for development psychic morbidity. Ojus, the vital essence get weakened on wrong psychic drives and further leads to psychic disorders.
Key words – Depression, Agni, Rasa, Satwa, Ojus, Mind, Psychiatry, Ayurveda
HEALTHY LIFE-STYLE PRESCRIPTIONS FOR DIFFERENT PERSONALITY TYPES (TRIDOSHA PRAKRITI)
Intense efforts to offer life style modification programs are underway to prevent the increasing incidence of non-communicable diseases (NCD). Accumulating evidence for the beneficial effects of complementary and alternative systems of medicine in NCDs have popularised Yoga and Ayurveda systems because of the emphasis on elaborate life style modification. The life style modifications of Ayurveda include Ahara (food and drinks), Vihara (practises and habits) and Vichara (thoughts) that vary according to the type of the personality/Prakriti (physic – physio - psychological) of an individual and also the environment (Ritucharya-seasonal regimens). In this study, specific life style prescriptions with regard to different Prakriti were compiled from classical texts of Ayurveda by the researcher. The prepared list was sent to the participants of a focus group of five Ayurveda experts who had signed an informed consent for this validation study. After obtaining their feedback, the revised list was sent to them again and the group met for an intensive interactive session in the library to refer to the classical texts before finalising the table of prescriptions. The result of this study offers tables of suitable prescriptions of life style changes for normal adults for the prevention of NCDs based on the Ayurvedic concept of Prakriti. The life style prescription comprises of three major aspects namely Ahara, Vihara and Vichara. The Ahara prescription contains eleven items, Vihara contains five items and Vichara contains four items. The study also reveals that the Ahara, Vihara and Vichara recommended for each of the Prakriti are totally different and specific. This validated module based on the Tridosha theory of Ayurveda helps the modern medical system to individualize life style prescriptions that vary widely according to different Prakriti and Ayurveda and Yoga systems for promotion of positive health and prevention of diseases.
VARIATION IN THE BRANCHING PATTERN OF ARCH OF AORTA- A CASE REPORT
The aortic arch is a continuation of the ascending aorta, being located in the superior mediastinum. The most common branching pattern of the aortic arch (AA) in humans comprises of three great vessels; first, the brachiocephalic trunk (BT), then the left common carotid artery (LCCA) and finally the left subclavian artery (LSA). These branches may branch from the beginning of the arch or the upper part of the ascending aorta by varying distances between them. Variations in the branching pattern of the aortic arch range from differences in the distance between origins of different branches to number of branches. Variant aortic arch branching pattern may occur with different embryological mechanisms. We report on a variant aortic arch branching in approximately 48 year old Indian male cadaver during dissection practice. Here, the left vertebral artery was seen originating directly from the arch of aorta, between the origin of left common carotid and left subclavian artery. This anatomical and morphologic variation in the arch of aorta and its branches are significant for diagnostic and surgical procedures in the thorax, head and neck regions.
GADGADA (STUTTERING) – A CASE STUDY
Gadgada is a kantha gata vyadhi characterized by aspasta vak . Kanthya maha kashya which is stated in Charaka samhita as kantha hita was used in gadgada which alleviates pathogenesis in it. A single clinical trial with pre test, follow up and post test assessment was done with drugs in sharkara kalpana form and was advised twice daily after food for a month. By the present study it can be concluded that kanthya maha kashaya helps in controlling stuttering severity in children and is a safe and effective drug for stuttering in children.
ROLE OF VIRECHANA IN ANARTAVA – A CASE STUDY
A female patient of 21 years approached with the chief compliant of absence of menstruation since 7years. Patient was diagnosed to have poly cystic ovarian syndrome(PCOS)and underwent hormone replacement therapy for the duration of six months. After discontinuing the therapy patient again developed amenorrhea and she approached the OPD of Dept. ofAyurveda siddhanta at Charaka Government Ayurveda PG centre, Mysore for further treatment. After getting all the essential investigations done, patient was planned for virechana karma with trivruthlehya. As a part ofpurva karma,snehana was done with phalaghrutain ascending order of dosage(arohanasneha)for 3 days. First day 30ml was administered and increased 30 ml per day. Two days of vishramakala was given during which abhyanaga with madhuyastitaila followed by swedana was done. After samsarjana karma, rajapravarthinivatione tablet thrice a day was given for 3 months as shamanaoushadi. As a result of the treatment regular menstruation cycle was reported by the patient.
|Editorial Team is Displayed in the heading "about the journal"|
Vol 2, No 7 (2014): Journal of Ayurveda and Holistic Medicine
Table of Contents
|SUVARNA PRASHANA THERAPY IN CHILDREN; CONCEPTS, PRACTICE AND PROSPECTS||Untitled PDF|
|Vaidya Vasant Patil, Chetali Samant, Umapati Baragi||1-3|
|UTILITY OF BHESHAJA SEVANA KALA – OPEN END COMPARATIVE RANDOMIZED CLINICAL TRIAL|
|Asha H S||4-7|
|A SURVEY ON THE NEED FOR DEVELOPING AN AYURVEDA BASED PERSONALITY (TRIDOSHAPRAKRTI) INVENTORY|
|basavapatna ramaiah ramakrishna||8-13|
|A Clinical study on efficacy of Siyakkai (Acacia concinna) Hair Wash on Darunaka (Pitiriasis capitis)|
|Sujatha Ediriweera, A.M.H.Y Perera, K.K.V.S. Peshala, K. M. S.P. Perera||14-17|
|LAST DESCENDENT OF BHARADVAJIYA-PARAMPARA - A TRIBUTE TO LATE VMC NAMBOODIRI|
|Vaidyamadham Raman Subin||18-20|
|A LITERARY REVIEW ON CONCEPTS OF DEEPANA AND PACHANA|
|Bhavya B S, Pampanna Gouda||21-24|
|THE ROLE OF BIOLOGICAL FIRE (AGNI), INNATE PSYCHIC STRENGTH (SATWA) AND VITAL ESSENCE (OJUS) IN MANIFESTATION OF DEPRESSIVE DISORDER|
|HEALTHY LIFE-STYLE PRESCRIPTIONS FOR DIFFERENT PERSONALITY TYPES (TRIDOSHA PRAKRITI)|
|Basavapatna ramaiah Ramakrishna||30-36|
|VARIATION IN THE BRANCHING PATTERN OF ARCH OF AORTA- A CASE REPORT|
|Tanvi Naresh Mahajan, Anoop Kiranrao Bhosgikar, Ashwini kumar Waghamare, Nagaraj G Mulimani||37-38|
|GADGADA (STUTTERING) – A CASE STUDY|
|MEGHA T, SHREEVATHSA DR||39-40|
|ROLE OF VIRECHANA IN ANARTAVA – A CASE STUDY|
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.