Journal of Ayurveda and Holistic Medicine (JAHM)


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STUDY OF JATHARAGNI (DIGESTIVE FIRE) COMPUTED THROUGH NADI PARIKSHAN USING NADI TARANGINI AS PER RUTUS (SEASONS) QUOTED IN THE AYURVEDA TEXTS: AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY

ABSTRACT
Background: The world is one holistic entity where everyone is viewed in relation to the surrounding environment. The direction of the sun’s movement makes the season-wise different periods and has effects on our body, mind and circadian rhythms in terms of our daily work, food habits, digestion, and metabolism. Ayurveda, the ancient science of wisdom, provides answers for these effects and influence on our health through rutucharya (seasonal regimen).

Objectives: to study the correlations between jatharagni, ahar (food) and rutucharya for different prakrutis (body constitution).

Materials and methods: We used nadi parikshan (pulse based examination), one of the most popular methods of ashtavidha pariksha (eight fold clinical examination). We observed jatharagni (digestive fire) computed through Nadi Tarangini[1,2] (a commercial wrist nadi recording system) throughout the year and further studied it as per the rutus described in Ayurveda.

Results: For 25437 subjects, we found the digestive jatharagni to be low in the monsoon, high in the winter, and also have dominance with vishamagni (irregular fire), tikshnagni (strong/sharp fire) and mandagni (weak/less fire) for vata, pitta and kapha prakrutis respectively.

Conclusion: We emphasised the evidence and importance of jatharagni in rutucharya to avoid lifestyle oriented disorders

Posted: 2019-01-20More...
 

Alcohol A Potent Ancient Anesthetic

Surgery was a painful and dangerous business at the start of the 19th century.  There were no anesthetics so few operations were carried out. In surgical operations, pain would be intolerable if not controlled. Throughout history, there have been numerous attempts at controlling and eliminating pain. The Chinese developed acupuncture. The Greeks and Romans used alcohol to not only cleanse the body; they also encouraged the patient to drink the alcohol to the point of oblivion. To alleviation of the pain the stage of analgesia was achieved by the administration of Tikshna Madhya (Alcoholic preparation) only as Sushruta has advised. For overcome the overdose of the Alcohol preparation and other complications like blood loss, electrolyte imbalance etc. Sushruta had advised preoperative food administration. Basically Sushruta is the pioneer of surgery he taken care of all the aspects of surgery, one of them preoperative Alcohol, more or less anesthetic, administration is the important principle and is adequately mentioned. According to the study of its properties, absorption, metabolism, elimination and effect, alcohol is found to be a potent anesthetic of those days.

Posted: 2019-01-20More...
 

RAKTHA VARGA DRAVYAS AND THEIR UTILITY IN RASASHASTRA

Rakta varga dravyas are that group of drugs of herbal, mineral, animal origin. The common characteristic found in all is that they possess red colour in common. The utility of these drugs as group in Rasa Shastra is mainly seen in Loha vada i.e transmutation of lower metals to higher metals. They are used in procedures of Parada samskaras like Ranjana samskara, Sarantaila vidhi, Garbhadruti nirmana, then in preparation of Musha and also in Shodhana/ purification of certain Rasa dravyas such as Sasyaka. The main purpose of their usage is to impart the red color to drugs/ instruments.Their usage as a group is limited, however they are used for different purposes individually. Most of the Rakta varga dravyas are herbal drugs and the color of these drug is due to the presence of pigments in them. Makshika and Laksha are two non-herbal drugs in this group. Makshika could be taken as the Swarna makshika bhasma / incinerated ash of Copper pyrite while there is an opinion that it could be madhu/ honey also. Laksha is the resin of animal origin. This article deals elaborately with the Rakta varga group of drugs, their detailed description, identification, uses and their importance in Rasa Shastra on scientific background.

Keywords: Rakta varga dravyas, laksha, pigments, swarna makshika bhasma, madhu,, Ranjana samskara, Sarantaila vidhi, Garbhadruti, Musha, shodhana.     

Posted: 2019-01-20More...
 

Concept of Dosha Dushya Srangraha and Dhatu Shaithilya (laxity of body constituents): Their importance in diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of Prameha.

Background: Pathology of Prameha mentioned in classics is succinct and needs reading between the lines to appreciate its explicit and indubitable details. Kapha in more liquid state (Bahu Drava Shleshma) causes Prameha, but it is also caused due to other Dosha. Increased Meda and Mamsa with laxity (Bahu Abadhda Meda and Mamsa) are undoubtedly principal Dushya, but role of other Dushya in pathology is unclear. General symptom of Prameha is excess urine with turbidity (Prabhuta Avila Mutrata), but in practice symptoms seen in patients are diverse and alter from time to time. Twenty types of Prameha are mentioned according to different characteristics of urine, but other symptoms according to specific types are not described. To address the issue elaboration of available information about Prameha is necessary.

Methods: Literary review of Prameha mentioned in Bruhattrayi, Laghutrayi and Shabdakosha (dictionaries/ word repositories) was taken. References were hand searched. Key words related to pathology of Prameha were used.

Results: Pathology of Prameha can be elaborated in better way if the two concepts namely – ‘Dosha Dushya Srangraha’ and ‘Dhatu Shaithilya (laxity of body constituents)’ are explained. Together they highlight recurring nature (Anusangitva) of the disease.

Conclusion: Application of these concepts in practices can help in understanding prognosis, treatment plans and absolute cure if possible. It also unveils the road ahead in research in Prameha.
Posted: 2019-01-20More...
 

AN UNDERSTANDING OF UDAVARTA – A CASE STUDY

Udavarta (reverse movement of vata) is one among the most common and surprisingly most neglected and mis-interpreted clinical condition. The concept of Udavarta takes various stances – sometimes as a Nidana (etiology), sometimes as an event of samprapti (pathogenesis) and also as a vyadhi (disease). But all the three are somehow interrelated. An attempt has been made to show the illustration of Udavarta vyadhi through a case study wherein a symptom complex of udavarta was well managed with basti karma (medicated enema).
KEYWORDS: Udavarta, Samprapti, Symptom complex, Basti karma

Posted: 2019-01-23More...
 

JAHM current issue

 

STUDY OF JATHARAGNI (DIGESTIVE FIRE) COMPUTED THROUGH NADI PARIKSHAN USING NADI TARANGINI AS PER RUTUS (SEASONS) QUOTED IN THE AYURVEDA TEXTS: AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY

ABSTRACT
Background: The world is one holistic entity where everyone is viewed in relation to the surrounding environment. The direction of the sun’s movement makes the season-wise different periods and has effects on our body, mind and circadian rhythms in terms of our daily work, food habits, digestion, and metabolism. Ayurveda, the ancient science of wisdom, provides answers for these effects and influence on our health through rutucharya (seasonal regimen).

Objectives: to study the correlations between jatharagni, ahar (food) and rutucharya for different prakrutis (body constitution).

Materials and methods: We used nadi parikshan (pulse based examination), one of the most popular methods of ashtavidha pariksha (eight fold clinical examination). We observed jatharagni (digestive fire) computed through Nadi Tarangini[1,2] (a commercial wrist nadi recording system) throughout the year and further studied it as per the rutus described in Ayurveda.

Results: For 25437 subjects, we found the digestive jatharagni to be low in the monsoon, high in the winter, and also have dominance with vishamagni (irregular fire), tikshnagni (strong/sharp fire) and mandagni (weak/less fire) for vata, pitta and kapha prakrutis respectively.

Conclusion: We emphasised the evidence and importance of jatharagni in rutucharya to avoid lifestyle oriented disorders

Posted: 2019-01-20More...
 

Alcohol A Potent Ancient Anesthetic

Surgery was a painful and dangerous business at the start of the 19th century.  There were no anesthetics so few operations were carried out. In surgical operations, pain would be intolerable if not controlled. Throughout history, there have been numerous attempts at controlling and eliminating pain. The Chinese developed acupuncture. The Greeks and Romans used alcohol to not only cleanse the body; they also encouraged the patient to drink the alcohol to the point of oblivion. To alleviation of the pain the stage of analgesia was achieved by the administration of Tikshna Madhya (Alcoholic preparation) only as Sushruta has advised. For overcome the overdose of the Alcohol preparation and other complications like blood loss, electrolyte imbalance etc. Sushruta had advised preoperative food administration. Basically Sushruta is the pioneer of surgery he taken care of all the aspects of surgery, one of them preoperative Alcohol, more or less anesthetic, administration is the important principle and is adequately mentioned. According to the study of its properties, absorption, metabolism, elimination and effect, alcohol is found to be a potent anesthetic of those days.

Posted: 2019-01-20More...
 

RAKTHA VARGA DRAVYAS AND THEIR UTILITY IN RASASHASTRA

Rakta varga dravyas are that group of drugs of herbal, mineral, animal origin. The common characteristic found in all is that they possess red colour in common. The utility of these drugs as group in Rasa Shastra is mainly seen in Loha vada i.e transmutation of lower metals to higher metals. They are used in procedures of Parada samskaras like Ranjana samskara, Sarantaila vidhi, Garbhadruti nirmana, then in preparation of Musha and also in Shodhana/ purification of certain Rasa dravyas such as Sasyaka. The main purpose of their usage is to impart the red color to drugs/ instruments.Their usage as a group is limited, however they are used for different purposes individually. Most of the Rakta varga dravyas are herbal drugs and the color of these drug is due to the presence of pigments in them. Makshika and Laksha are two non-herbal drugs in this group. Makshika could be taken as the Swarna makshika bhasma / incinerated ash of Copper pyrite while there is an opinion that it could be madhu/ honey also. Laksha is the resin of animal origin. This article deals elaborately with the Rakta varga group of drugs, their detailed description, identification, uses and their importance in Rasa Shastra on scientific background.

Keywords: Rakta varga dravyas, laksha, pigments, swarna makshika bhasma, madhu,, Ranjana samskara, Sarantaila vidhi, Garbhadruti, Musha, shodhana.     

Posted: 2019-01-20More...
 

Concept of Dosha Dushya Srangraha and Dhatu Shaithilya (laxity of body constituents): Their importance in diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of Prameha.

Background: Pathology of Prameha mentioned in classics is succinct and needs reading between the lines to appreciate its explicit and indubitable details. Kapha in more liquid state (Bahu Drava Shleshma) causes Prameha, but it is also caused due to other Dosha. Increased Meda and Mamsa with laxity (Bahu Abadhda Meda and Mamsa) are undoubtedly principal Dushya, but role of other Dushya in pathology is unclear. General symptom of Prameha is excess urine with turbidity (Prabhuta Avila Mutrata), but in practice symptoms seen in patients are diverse and alter from time to time. Twenty types of Prameha are mentioned according to different characteristics of urine, but other symptoms according to specific types are not described. To address the issue elaboration of available information about Prameha is necessary.

Methods: Literary review of Prameha mentioned in Bruhattrayi, Laghutrayi and Shabdakosha (dictionaries/ word repositories) was taken. References were hand searched. Key words related to pathology of Prameha were used.

Results: Pathology of Prameha can be elaborated in better way if the two concepts namely – ‘Dosha Dushya Srangraha’ and ‘Dhatu Shaithilya (laxity of body constituents)’ are explained. Together they highlight recurring nature (Anusangitva) of the disease.

Conclusion: Application of these concepts in practices can help in understanding prognosis, treatment plans and absolute cure if possible. It also unveils the road ahead in research in Prameha.
Posted: 2019-01-20More...
 

AN UNDERSTANDING OF UDAVARTA – A CASE STUDY

Udavarta (reverse movement of vata) is one among the most common and surprisingly most neglected and mis-interpreted clinical condition. The concept of Udavarta takes various stances – sometimes as a Nidana (etiology), sometimes as an event of samprapti (pathogenesis) and also as a vyadhi (disease). But all the three are somehow interrelated. An attempt has been made to show the illustration of Udavarta vyadhi through a case study wherein a symptom complex of udavarta was well managed with basti karma (medicated enema).
KEYWORDS: Udavarta, Samprapti, Symptom complex, Basti karma

Posted: 2019-01-23More...
 

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Posted: 2013-11-11 More...
 
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Vol 6, No 6 (2018): Journal of Ayurveda and Holistic Medicine (JAHM)

Table of Contents

Clinical Study

STUDY OF JATHARAGNI (DIGESTIVE FIRE) COMPUTED THROUGH NADI PARIKSHAN USING NADI TARANGINI AS PER RUTUS (SEASONS) QUOTED IN THE AYURVEDA TEXTS: AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY PDF
Aniruddha Joshi, Tejaswini Bhale-Borse 1-12

Review Article

Alcohol A Potent Ancient Anesthetic PDF
Dipsinh B. Chavda 13-22
RAKTHA VARGA DRAVYAS AND THEIR UTILITY IN RASASHASTRA PDF
Sripal Laxman Hirekerur 23-37
Concept of Dosha Dushya Srangraha and Dhatu Shaithilya (laxity of body constituents): Their importance in diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of Prameha. PDF
Shailesh Vinayak Deshpande, Vaishali Shailesh Deshpande 38-51

Case Report

AN UNDERSTANDING OF UDAVARTA – A CASE STUDY PDF
Surya Raj, Dr. Shreevathsa . 52-58


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